Abacum fp&a logo


Efficiency is a term that explains the highest level of performance that uses the lowest amount of inputs while driving the greatest outputs.

Understanding efficiency is important because it helps companies comprehend how they can make their businesses run better by reducing the number of resources and time spent on unnecessary inputs.

Types of efficiency

Efficiency is the ability to complete a task with little or no waste of time or resources. This covers the use of resources such as cash, labor, production equipment, and energy. In the context of Finance, it relates to how successfully the company’s money is allocated to reach its end goals. 

There are three types of efficiencies: economic efficiency, market efficiency, and operational efficiency.

  • Economic efficiency deals with the cost of producing something.
  • Market efficiency focuses on the effectiveness of selling products or services.
  • Operational efficiency relates to the way things are done within a particular organization.

Steps to ensure a business is efficient

Business executives want to ensure that their money is spent wisely when running a company. Here are three steps to get started:

1. Reduce the input costs

Every dollar spent on something that doesn’t add value to a business is a dollar not earned. Thinking carefully about each potential purchase and the operating costs associated is key to reducing input costs.

2. Maximize the output

Better returns on investment (ROI) can be attained by raising a company’s level of performance. This entails being able to generate more income using the same resources, for example, by incorporating advanced technologies into the production process.

3. Measure results

Tracking results after making changes to improve economic growth is the only way to know what is working and what is not. By monitoring progress, managers will be able to make improvements based on accurate data.

How to calculate efficiency

Efficiency can be measured by dividing the total output produced by the total input used. This can be expressed as a ratio by using the following formula, or as a percentage by multiplying the ratio by 100.

Efficiency = Output / Input

Gain complete visibility with a 360° view of your business

Get a demo
Graph cta